800px-Thucydides pushkin02

Plaster cast bust of Thucydides (in the Pushkin Museum) from a Roman copy (located at Holkham Hall) of an early 4th-century BC Greek original.

Full name



c. 460 BC,
Halimous(modern Alimos)


c. 400 BC
(aged approximately 60)




Olorus (father)


History of the Peloponnesian War



Thucydides (/θjuːˈsɪdɨdz/; Greek: Θουκυδίδης ‎, Thoukydídēs, [tʰuːkydídɛːs]; c. 460 – c. 400 BC) was an Athenian historian and general. His History of the Peloponnesian War recounts the 5th-century BC war between Sparta and Athens until the year 411 BC. Thucydides has been dubbed the father of "scientific history" by those who accept his claims to have applied strict standards of impartiality and evidence-gathering and analysis of cause and effect, without reference to intervention by the gods, as outlined in his introduction to his work.[1][2]

Classical historians must have been resorted to for necessary information, particularly in the Persian period (considering the books of Ezra, Nehemiah, and Esther) and on down to the apostolic times. Their writings also are an aid in determining the time and events in fulfillment of parts of Daniel’s prophetic visions (chaps 7-9, 11), which extend even beyond the apostolic period.[3] Thucydides is widely regarded as an exception to the general rule of inaccuracy and carelessness with which the classical historians are so often charged. Thucydides is noted for his meticulous research. Of him, The New Encyclopædia Britannica (1987, Vol. 11, p. 741) says: “His authority is hardly equalled by that of any other historian. He kept to a strict chronological scheme, and, where it can be accurately tested by the eclipses that he mentions, it fits closely.”[4]


  1. Cochrane, p. 179; Meyer, p. 67; de Sainte Croix.
  2. Korab-Karpowicz, W. Julian. "Political Realism in International Relations". The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2013 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.). Retrieved on 2016-03-23. 
  3. it-1 pp. 447-467 Chronology—Gospel writer Luke also, “traced all things from the start with accuracy.” (Lu 1:1-4) The accurate chronological information in the accounts of Luke and others makes possible the fixing of the dates for principal events of Jesus’ life and of the apostolic period.—Mt 2:1, 19-22; Lu 3:1-3, 21-23
  4. it-1 pp. 447-467 Chronology